Viral infections have been the focus of attention in the development of autoimmune diseases—diseases where the body’s immune system reacts to the body’s own cells—because they trigger the immune system into action.

In a study published in Science, led by senior author Dr. Bana Jabri from the Celiac Disease Center at the University of Chicago, reported that infection with reovirus, a common harmless virus, can trigger an immune system response to gluten that leads to celiac disease, an autoimmune disease of the small intestine.

The scientists found celiac disease patients had much higher… more

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